Michael Longaker

Publication Details

  • Molecular cloning and expression of keratinocyte proline-rich protein, a novel squamous epithelial marker isolated during skin development JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY Kong, W. Y., Longaker, M. T., Lorenz, H. P. 2003; 278 (25): 22781-22786

    Abstract:

    We describe a novel rat cDNA named keratinocyte proline-rich protein (KPRP) isolated by RNA differential display during skin development. We determine that KPRP is expressed in stratified squamous epithelium, and its approximately 2.8-kb cDNA encodes a 699-amino acid protein with high proline content (19%). KPRP is an insoluble protein, similar to most epidermal terminal differentiation-associated proteins. Immunoblot of the protein lysate from keratinocytes, using strong reducing conditions, demonstrates two KPRP bands of approximately 76 and 55 kDa size. KPRP is expressed in stratified squamous epithelia of skin, tongue, and esophagus. The initiation of KPRP expression in fetal rat skin at E17, E18, E19, E20, and E21 was analyzed by reverse transcription-PCR. Fetal skin at E19 and later expresses KPRP. In situ hybridization of skin from E18, E19, and 4-day-old neonatal rats demonstrates that interfollicular and follicular keratinocytes express KPRP. Anti-KPRP antibody demonstrates KPRP protein localizes to all layers of stratified epithelia in skin, tongue, and esophagus. In cultured dermal keratinocytes, KPRP is diffusely distributed throughout the cytoplasm with denser staining adjacent to the nuclear and plasma membranes. Additionally, immunoreactive intracellular granules are observed during keratinocyte detachment from their plastic substrate. Rat KPRP has 89% homology to a mouse genomic DNA sequence and 56% homology to a human hypothetical protein. We conclude that KPRP may be a new epidermal terminal differentiation-related protein expressed in stratified squamous epithelia. KPRP is expressed by fetal dermal keratinocytes during late gestation and is a new marker of maturing epidermis during fetal skin development.

    View details for DOI 10.1074/jbc.M210488200

    View details for Web of Science ID 000183503900081

    View details for PubMedID 12668678

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