Laura K. Bachrach

Publication Details

  • Comparison of calcaneus ultrasound and dual X-ray absorptiometry in children at risk of osteopenia JOURNAL OF CLINICAL DENSITOMETRY Fielding, K. T., Nix, D. A., Bachrach, L. K. 2003; 6 (1): 7-15


    The optimal method to assess pediatric bone mass remains controversial. Dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is used most commonly for clinical assessments in children, but calcaneus ultrasound (CUS) is less costly, is free of ionizing radiation, and predicts fracture as well as DXA in adults. This study was designed to compare CUS and DXA in 42 young patients (ages 9-21) with chronic disease and/or fragility fractures. Zscores for broadband ultrasound attenuation (BUA) and speed of sound (SOS) determined using the Lunar Achilles Plus ultrasonometer were compared with Z-scores for areal bone mineral density (BMD) and volumetric BMD using DXA (Hologic). Logistic regression was employed to predict low bone density measured by DXA (defined as spinal BMD Z-score < -2) from CUS measurements. Sensitivity/specificity analysis was performed to compare CUS and spinal DXA Z-scores as predictors of previous low-impact fracture. Correlations between CUS and DXA Z-scores were in the range of r = 0.3-0.6. Areas under the receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curves for BUA and SOS predicting low bone density by DXA were similar: 0.81 and 0.82, respectively. ROC curve areas for spinal DXA, BUA, and SOS predicting previous fracture were also similar: 0.85, 0.84, and 0.84, respectively. While CUS correlates only modestly with DXA, ROC curve areas indicate that CUS detects low bone mineral in children with fragility fractures as well as DXA and may be a viable initial screen for osteopenia.

    View details for Web of Science ID 000180842000002

    View details for PubMedID 12665697

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