Christian Guilleminault

Publication Details

  • Vascular endothelial dysfunction in patients with mild obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. Wiener medizinische Wochenschrift Duchna, H., Stoohs, R., Guilleminault, C., Christine Anspach, M., Schultze-Werninghaus, G., Orth, M. 2006; 156 (21-22): 596-604

    Abstract:

    We investigated endothelial dysfunction, an early manifestation of atherosclerosis, in patients with mild obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) (5/h < AHI < 15/h).Endothelium-dependent and -independent vasodilatory function was tested in 10 patients with mild OSAS, 12 healthy controls and 20 subjects with moderate to severe OSAS using the hand vein compliance technique.Maximum endothelium-dependent vasodilation to bradykinin (Emax) was significantly blunted in patients with mild OSAS (68.6 +/- 30.2 %) compared to healthy controls (94.8 +/- 9.5 %; p < 0.05; moderate to severe OSAS: 57.1 +/- 23.4 %; p = 0.33). Mean endothelium-independent venodilation was not altered. After 160.7 +/- 82.2 nights of CPAP therapy, mean Emax was significantly improved to 90.8 +/- 23.8 % (p < 0.01 vs. baseline; p = 0.7 vs. healthy controls) in 7 patients with mild OSAS.Systemic endothelium-dependent venodilation is markedly reduced in subjects with mild OSAS, which may imply adverse cardiovascular consequences. CPAP-treatment leads to a sustained restoration of endothelial dysfunction in these patients and is thus highly recommended.

    View details for PubMedID 17160377

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