Matt van de Rijn

Publication Details

  • Orbital hemangiopericytoma and solitary fibrous tumor: A morphologic continuum INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SURGICAL PATHOLOGY Goldsmith, J. D., van de Rijn, M., Syed, N. 2001; 9 (4): 295-302

    Abstract:

    Solitary fibrous tumors (SFT) and hemangiopericytomas (HPC) are soft tissue tumors with known histologic and immunohistochemical overlap. A series of these tumors located in the orbit were analyzed in order to determine whether they could be re-classified based on currently recognized histologic criteria. Ten orbital spindle cell lesions, all of which were positive for CD34 antigen, were examined. Diagnostic criteria for SFT included a cytologically bland spindle cell lesion with variable cellularity and focal dense collagenization with diffuse, strong CD34 reactivity, while the criteria for HPC required a more monotonous cellular proliferation without significant variability in cellularity, a "staghorn" vascular pattern, minimal collagenization, and focal or absent CD34 staining. Tumors with typical histologic and immunohistochemical features of HPC or SFT were diagnosed as HPC and SFT, respectively. Those tumors with histologic or antigenic profiles not classic for HPC or SFT were defined as 'indeterminate.' Three lesions were classified as SFT and 1 tumor was diagnosed as HPC through use of the above-cited histologic criteria. All lesions showed positive staining of tumor cells with CD34 antigen in varying amounts and were negative for cytokeratin AE1-3, epithelial membrane antigen, CD68, and Factor XIIIa. One solitary fibrous tumor focally stained for S-100 protein and 1 hemangiopericytoma was focally positive for HHF-35. Of the 10 analyzed tumors, 6 were classified as 'indeterminate.' Furthermore, 1 lesion whose primary histology was that of an SFT recurred 9 years later with an appearance consistent with an 'indeterminate' lesion. Our results call into question the present histologic separation of HPC and SFT in the orbit. As in other sites, including deep soft tissue, these data suggest that SFT and HPC are 2 lesions whose morphologic features are best interpreted to exist along a continuum, rather than 2 lesions with distinctly defined histopathology.

    View details for Web of Science ID 000173413500006

    View details for PubMedID 12574845

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