Lawrence D. Hammer

Publication Details

  • DOES A VIGOROUS FEEDING STYLE INFLUENCE EARLY DEVELOPMENT OF ADIPOSITY JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS Agras, W. S., Kraemer, H. C., Berkowitz, R. I., Korner, A. F., Hammer, L. D. 1987; 110 (5): 799-804


    A prospective study of a cohort of healthy infants observed from birth to 2 years of age was carried out to investigate factors influencing the development of early adiposity. Infant suckling was measured in the laboratory twice during the first month of life. Multiple regression analyses revealed that parental educational level and a measure of feeding behavior, the interval between bursts of suckling, accounted for 18% of the variance in triceps skinfold measures at 1 year of age. A lower level of education and shorter interburst interval were associated with increased adiposity. Two feeding variables, pressure of suckling and the number of reported feeds per day, accounted for 21% of the variance in skinfold thickness at 2 years of age. Fewer, but larger, feeds and a higher sucking pressure were associated with a greater degree of adiposity. It seems that a vigorous infant feeding style, consisting of sucking more rapidly, at higher pressure, with a longer suck and burst duration, and a shorter interval between bursts of sucking, is associated with higher caloric intake and greater adiposity. The early development of this feeding style suggests that it may be a genetically endowed behavior. Breast-feeding protected against early adiposity only to the age of 6 months in this cohort of infants.

    View details for Web of Science ID A1987H158300029

    View details for PubMedID 3572635

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