Despina Contopoulos-Ioannidis, MD

Publication Details

  • Effect of CCR5-Delta 32 heterozygosity on the risk of perinatal HIV-1 infection: A meta-analysis JAIDS-JOURNAL OF ACQUIRED IMMUNE DEFICIENCY SYNDROMES Contopoulos-Ioannidis, D. G., O'Brien, T. R., Goedert, J. J., Rosenberg, P. S., Ioannidis, J. P. 2003; 32 (1): 70-76

    Abstract:

    Several studies have investigated whether heterozygosity for a 32-basepair deletion in the CC chemokine receptor 5 gene (CCR5-Delta32 ) affects susceptibility to perinatal HIV-1 infection, but results have been inconclusive. We performed a meta-analysis of published data from 11 studies of HIV-1 perinatally exposed children who were genotyped for the CCR5-Delta32 polymorphism. The crude overall HIV-1 infection rates, by simple data pooling, were 20% (one of five) amongCCR5-Delta32 homozygote children, 39% (131 of 335) among CCR5-Delta32 heterozygote children, and 40% (1408 of 3526) among wild-type CCR5 homozygote children. Compared with wild-type homozygotes, the random effects risk ratio for heterozygotes was 1.04 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.92-1.17) among all children (N = 3861) and 1.03 (95% CI, 0.90-1.17) among those of European descent (n = 2890). Results were similar when adjusted for the available data on the CCR2-641 polymorphism (n = 1542). The meta-analysis clarifies that perinatal infection is not significantly altered by heterozygosity for CCR5-Delta32 in the child.

    View details for Web of Science ID 000180407600010

    View details for PubMedID 12514416

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