David N. Cornfield

Publication Details

  • NO causes perinatal pulmonary vasodilation through K+-channel activation and intracellular Ca2+ release AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-LUNG CELLULAR AND MOLECULAR PHYSIOLOGY Saqueton, C. B., Miller, R. B., Porter, V. A., Milla, C. E., Cornfield, D. N. 1999; 276 (6): L925-L932

    Abstract:

    Evidence suggests that nitric oxide (NO) causes perinatal pulmonary vasodilation through K+-channel activation. We hypothesized that this effect worked through cGMP-dependent kinase-mediated activation of Ca2+-activated K+ channel that requires release of intracellular Ca2+ from a ryanodine-sensitive store. We studied the effects of 1) K+-channel blockade with tetraethylammonium, 4-aminopyridine, a voltage-dependent K+-channel blocker, or glibenclamide, an ATP-sensitive K+-channel blocker; 2) cyclic nucleotide-sensitive kinase blockade with either KT-5823, a guanylate-sensitive kinase blocker, or H-89, an adenylate-sensitive kinase blocker; and 3) blockade of intracellular Ca2+ release with ryanodine on NO-induced pulmonary vasodilation in acutely prepared late-gestation fetal lambs. N-nitro-L-arginine, a competitive inhibitor of endothelium-derived NO synthase, was infused into the left pulmonary artery, and tracheotomy was placed. The animals were ventilated with 100% oxygen for 20 min, followed by ventilation with 100% oxygen and inhaled NO at 20 parts/million (ppm) for 20 min. This represents the control period. In separate protocols, the animals received an intrapulmonary infusion of the different blockers and were ventilated as above. Tetraethylammonium (n = 6 animals) and KT-5823 (n = 4 animals) attenuated the response, whereas ryanodine (n = 5 animals) blocked NO-induced perinatal pulmonary vasodilation. 4-Aminopyridine (n = 5 animals), glibenclamide (n = 5 animals), and H-89 (n = 4 animals) did not affect NO-induced pulmonary vasodilation. We conclude that NO causes perinatal pulmonary vasodilation through cGMP-dependent kinase-mediated activation of Ca2+-activated K+ channels and release of Ca2+ from ryanodine-sensitive stores.

    View details for Web of Science ID 000080822700005

    View details for PubMedID 10362716

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