Geoffrey Gurtner

Publication Details

  • Quantifying migration and polarization of murine mesenchymal stem cells on different bone substitutes by confocal laser scanning microscopy JOURNAL OF CRANIO-MAXILLOFACIAL SURGERY Roldan, J. C., Chang, E., Kelantan, M., Jazayeri, L., Deisinger, U., Detsch, R., Reichert, T. E., Gurtner, G. C. 2010; 38 (8): 580-588

    Abstract:

    Cell migration is preceded by cell polarization. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the impact of the geometry of different bone substitutes on cell morphology and chemical responses in vitro.Cell polarization and migration were monitored temporally by using confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) to follow green fluorescent protein (GFP)±mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) on anorganic cancellous bovine bone (Bio-Oss(®)), ?-tricalcium phosphate (?-TCP) (chronOS(®)) and highly porous calcium phosphate ceramics (Friedrich-Baur-Research-Institute for Biomaterials, Germany). Differentiation GFP±MSCs was observed using pro-angiogenic and pro-osteogenic biomarkers.At the third day of culture polarized vs. non-polarized cellular sub-populations were clearly established. Biomaterials that showed more than 40% of polarized cells at the 3rd day of culture, subsequently showed an enhanced cell migration compared to biomaterials, where non-polarized cells predominated (p<0.003). This trend continued untill the 7th day of culture (p<0.003). The expression of vascular endothelial growth factor was enhanced in biomaterials where cell polarization predominated at the 7th day of culture (p=0.001).This model opens an interesting approach to understand osteoconductivity at a cellular level. MSCs are promising in bone tissue engineering considering the strong angiogenic effect before differentiation occurs.

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.jcms.2010.01.004

    View details for Web of Science ID 000284971700006

    View details for PubMedID 20189818

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