Jin S. Hahn

Publication Details

  • Short duration of benign partial epilepsy in infancy JOURNAL OF CHILD NEUROLOGY Nelson, G. B., Olson, D. M., Hahn, J. S. 2002; 17 (6): 440-445


    It has previously been reported that benign partial epilepsy in infancy constitutes up to 29% of the epilepsies presenting in the first 2 years of life. To determine the proportion of benign partial epilepsy in our epilepsy population, we retrospectively reviewed 331 patients with greater than two afebrile seizures in the first 2 years of life between 1993 and 2000. Inclusion criteria were (1) partial seizures with or without secondary generalization, (2) normal development, (3) no other neurologic abnormalities, (4) normal interictal electroencephalograms (EEGs), and (5) good response to treatment. Exclusion criteria included seizures that (1) were caused by acute central nervous system insult, (2) occurred only within the first month of life, and (3) lasted longer than 30 minutes. Of 331 patients, 22 (6.6%) fulfilled the criteria with a minimum of 2 years and a mean of 4 years of follow-up off antiepilepsy drug treatment. Six (27%) had complex partial seizures, and 16 (73%) had complex partial seizures with secondary generalization. Neuroimaging studies were normal in all patients. Of the 6 patients with ictal EEGs, 3 had a temporal lobe focus, 1 had an occipital lobe focus, and the remaining 2 had dual foci. Median onset was 4.0 months (range 0.8-9.3). Seizures remitted within 4 months in 20 (91%). Mean duration of seizure persistence was 2.1 months (range 0-8.3) and was longer in treated patients. Median age at last seizure was 6.4 months (range 2-18). Nineteen were treated with antiepilepsy drugs. At last follow-up (mean duration of 52.2 months), all patients were seizure free and off antiepilepsy drugs. Benign partial epilepsy in infancy is an epilepsy syndrome of short duration and is easily recognized using accepted classification criteria. Benign partial epilepsy in infancy appears to be an idiopathic localization-related epilepsy with a favorable prognosis. The incidence in our population is not as common as previously reported. Based on our findings, we suggest weaning of antiepilepsy drugs 6 months after seizure onset.

    View details for Web of Science ID 000177202900008

    View details for PubMedID 12174965

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