Paul D. Blumenthal, MD, MPH

Publication Details

  • Buccal misoprostol as cervical preparation for second trimester pregnancy termination CONTRACEPTION Todd, C. S., Soler, M., Castleman, L., Rogers, M. K., Blumenthal, P. D. 2002; 65 (6): 415-418


    The objective of the study was to assess the efficacy of cervical preparation with misoprostol or laminaria suction abortion up to 18 weeks gestation. The study was conducted among a consecutive case series of patients presenting for dilatation and evacuation at a single center. Cervical preparation was effected by either 600 mg buccal misoprostol (n = 32) or laminaria (n = 78). Dilatation and evacuation was then performed using vacuum aspiration, with fetal parts or placenta removed as necessary with appropriate forceps. The principle outcome of interest was procedure time. Complete abortion was effected in 100% of the cases. In all cases, the cervix was adequately prepared to allow either the introduction of a size 14-mm suction cannula or was easily dilated to this diameter. Group size was sufficient for detection of a 20% difference in mean procedure time with 80% power (calculated with two separate standard deviations for procedure time). Procedure times were not significantly different when misoprostol was used compared to laminaria for cervical preparation. It is concluded that the use of misoprostol to provide cervical preparation in second trimester abortion procedures appeared effective and offers an alternative to laminaria. Buccal misoprostol should be more widely investigated for this purpose.

    View details for Web of Science ID 000177296200007

    View details for PubMedID 12127640

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