Philip Sunshine

Publication Details

  • Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy: pathophysiology and implications for therapy. Przeglažd lekarski Sunshine, P. 2002; 59: 6-9


    Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy continues to be a major problem in perinatal medicine because of the high mortality rate and neurological and intellectual impairment in the surviving infants. In addition to the acute necrotic damage that occurs in the neurons initially, reperfusion injury and secondary neuronal damage continue for 6 to 72 hours after the initial insult. Secondary cellular energy failure, membrane breakdown, cellular influx of calcium ions, elaboration of cytokines, and oxidation of excitory amino acids all contribute to enhanced apoptosis of the neurons. Newer forms of therapy including the use of oxygen-free radical inhibitors and mild to moderate cerebral or systemic hypothermia for 72 hours following the asphyxial period are promising adjuncts as follow-up approaches to the affected newborns.

    View details for PubMedID 12108076

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