Richard Sibley

Publication Details

  • Mechanisms of progressive glomerular injury in membranous nephropathy JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF NEPHROLOGY Squarer, A., Lemley, K. V., Ambalavanan, S., Kristal, B., Deen, W. M., Sibley, R., Anderson, L., Myers, B. D. 1998; 9 (8): 1389-1398

    Abstract:

    Glomerular function and structure were serially evaluated in 15 patients with membranous nephropathy who exhibited relapsing nephrosis and chronic depression of GFR. GFR declined from 56+/-8 (mean+/-SEM) at onset to 31+/-4 ml/min per 1.73 m2 after a 2- to 5-yr period of observation (P < 0.05). An analysis of filtration dynamics suggested persistent elevation of net ultrafiltration pressure. To examine a possible role for declining intrinsic glomerular filtration capacity as the basis for the observed hypofiltration, glomeruli in the baseline and a repeat biopsy (performed after a median of 28 mo) were subjected to morphometric analysis and mathematical modeling. Analysis of the baseline biopsy revealed a reduction in filtration slit frequency and thickening of the glomerular basement membrane, lowering computed hydraulic permeability by 66% compared with normal kidney donors. In contrast, filtration surface area was increased by 37% as a result of glomerular hypertrophy. The repeat biopsy revealed persistent depression of hydraulic permeability, primarily owing to foot process broadening. An additional finding was a decrease in filtration surface area from baseline in patent glomeruli, possibly due to encroachment on the capillary lumen of an increasingly widened basement membrane. Also, a striking increase in the prevalence of global glomerulosclerosis from 7+/-2% to 23+/-4% was found between the two biopsies, suggesting a significant loss of functioning nephrons. It is concluded that hypofiltration in membranous nephropathy is the consequence of a biphasic loss of glomerular ultrafiltration capacity, initially owing to impaired hydraulic permeability that is later exacerbated by a superimposed loss of functioning glomeruli and of filtration surface area.

    View details for Web of Science ID 000074970900005

    View details for PubMedID 9697660

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