Mark Holodniy

Publication Details

  • HIV quantitation in spiked vaginocervical secretions: lack of non-specific inhibitory factors JOURNAL OF VIROLOGICAL METHODS Holodniy, M., Anderson, D., Wright, D., Sharma, O., Cohn, J., Alexander, N., Stratton, P., Reichelderferd, P. 1998; 72 (2): 185-195


    The objective of this study was to assess the effect of menstrual phase on the ability to quantitate HIV-1 in vaginocervical secretions (VCS) through reconstruction experiments with HIV seronegative VCS collected throughout the menstrual cycle. Measurement of HIV-1 inoculated into both fresh and frozen VCS was undertaken by quantitative micro co-culture, p24 antigen assay and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for both HIV-1 RNA and pro-viral DNA. Two laboratories carried out these assays over a range of viral concentrations. The study involved a randomized factorial design and the factors were: (1) diluents (phases of the menstrual cycle and controls); (2) laboratories; (3) stock concentrations; and (4) frozen versus fresh VCS samples. Each assay was assessed independently using a random effects analysis of variance (ANOVA) model. No statistical differences due to menstrual cycle were seen in the assay results of p24 antigen (P = 0.08), PBMC culture (P = 0.74), plasma culture (P = 0.13), cell-free RNA (P = 0.44), cell-associated RNA (P = 0.58) and cell-associated DNA (P = 0.43). Inter-laboratory differences were statistically significant for cell-free RNA (P < 0.001), cell-associated DNA (P < 0.001) and p24 (P < 0.001). It is concluded that VCS obtained throughout the menstrual cycle from HIV-uninfected women lacks intrinsic inhibitory factors which could limit detection and quantification by antigen, culture or nucleic acid-based technologies for HIV-1 in VCS throughout the menstrual cycle. Using a standardized collection procedure, we suggest that variation in HIV quantity over time, when reported in VCS of infected women, should be attributed to HIV-associated biologic factors, rather than non-specific or other technical factors.

    View details for Web of Science ID 000074790000007

    View details for PubMedID 9694326

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