C. Garrison Fathman

Publication Details

  • T cell receptor (TCR) engagement leads to activation-induced splicing of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) nuclear pre-mRNA JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL MEDICINE Yang, Y., Chang, J. F., Parnes, J. R., Fathman, C. G. 1998; 188 (2): 247-254


    Inducible gene expression is primarily regulated at the level of transcription. Additional steps of "processing" pre-mRNA, involved in the regulation of induced gene expression, have not been previously reported. Here we report a novel mechanism of "activation-induced splicing" of preexisting tumor necrosis factor (TNF) message (pre-mRNA) in naive T lymphocytes after engagement of the T cell receptor (TCR), which still occurs after inhibition of transcription. Expression of TNF has been previously demonstrated to be regulated at both the transcriptional and translational levels. However, neither the large pool of TNF mRNA observed in activated T cells nor TNF protein production, which peaks very shortly after activation, can be solely attributed to increased transcription. Evidence is presented that activation-induced splicing of TNF pre-mRNA plays a significant role in the rapid production of TNF seen in activated T cells. Activation triggers processing of TNF pre-mRNA that has accumulated in naive T cells (before activation-induced transcription), and the mature TNF mRNA is translocated to the cytoplasm for rapid translation and protein production. This novel form of activation-induced splicing of TNF may allow T cells to mount an immediate response to activation stimuli under physiological conditions.

    View details for Web of Science ID 000075236900003

    View details for PubMedID 9670037

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