Anthony G. Doufas, M.D., Ph.D.

Publication Details

  • The cerebral effects of carbon dioxide during digital subtraction angiography in the aortic arch and its branches in rabbits AMERICAN JOURNAL OF NEURORADIOLOGY Dimakakos, P. B., Stefanopoulos, T., Doufas, A. G., Papasava, M., Gouliamos, A., Mourikis, D., Deligiorgi, H. 1998; 19 (2): 261-266


    We studied the neurotoxicity of carbon dioxide as a contrast agent in the central nervous system by performing CO2 digital subtraction angiography (DSA) in the aortic arch and its branches in experimental animals.Twenty-five rabbits underwent intraarterial CO2 DSA while under general anesthesia, during which 50 angiograms were obtained after administration of 3 mL/kg CO2. MR imaging was performed before and after the angiographic procedure. The animals were killed 12 hours later and their brains examined macroscopically and microscopically.Three animals died of a cause irrelevant to CO2. No animal had clinical symptoms of hemiplegia or stroke. Neither MR imaging nor macroscopic and microscopic examination of the brain revealed any ischemic infarct hemorrhage, thrombosis, or foci of necrosis.The absence of neurologic symptoms, the lack of pathologic findings at MR imaging, and the negative pathologic findings in the brain encourage further research on CO2 neurotoxicity of the central nervous system and support its application in the imaging of intracranial vessels.

    View details for Web of Science ID 000072015500011

    View details for PubMedID 9504475

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