Peter Kao

Publication Details

  • DNA-dependent protein kinase interacts with antigen receptor response element binding proteins NF90 and NF45 JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY Ting, N. S., Kao, P. N., Chan, D. W., Lintott, L. G., Lees-Miller, S. P. 1998; 273 (4): 2136-2145


    The DNA-dependent protein kinase (DNA-PK) is composed of a large catalytic subunit of approximately 470 kDa (DNA-PKcs) and the DNA-binding protein, Ku. Absence of DNA-PK activity confers sensitivity to x-rays and defects in both DNA double-strand break repair and V(D)J recombination. However the precise function of DNA-PK in DNA double-strand break repair is not known. Here we show, using electrophoretic mobility shift assays, that polypeptides in a fraction purified from human cells interact with DNA-PK and stabilize the formation of a complex containing DNA-PKcs-Ku and DNA. Five polypeptides in this fraction have been identified by amino-terminal sequence analysis and/or immunoblotting. These proteins are NF90 and NF45, which are the 90- and 45-kDa subunits of a protein known to bind specifically to the antigen receptor response element of the interleukin 2 promoter, and the alpha, beta, and gamma subunits of eukaryotic translation initiation factor eIF-2. We also show that NF90, NF45, and eIF-2 beta are substrates for DNA-PK in vitro. In addition, recombinant NF90 promotes formation of a complex between DNA-PKcs, Ku, and DNA, and antibodies to recombinant NF90 or recombinant NF45 immunoprecipitate DNA-PKcs in vitro. Together, our data suggest that NF90, in complex with NF45, interacts with DNA-PKcs and Ku on DNA and that NF90 and NF45 may be important for the function of DNA-PK.

    View details for Web of Science ID 000071595200043

    View details for PubMedID 9442054

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