Thomas Burdon

Publication Details

  • Minimally invasive mitral valve surgery. Seminars in thoracic and cardiovascular surgery Fann, J. I., Pompili, M. F., Burdon, T. A., Stevens, J. H., St Goar, F. G., Reitz, B. A. 1997; 9 (4): 320-330


    Because of advances in video-assisted general and thoracic surgery, minimally invasive cardiac surgery has been successfully performed experimentally and clinically. Recently described techniques of less invasive mitral valve surgery include limited right thoracotomy, parasternal incision, and partial sternotomy. These methods have been coupled to video-assisted thoracoscopy to further decrease the incision size. Cardiopulmonary bypass (central or peripheral) and either hypothermic fibrillatory arrest or cardioplegic arrest are used. The Port-Access approach is a catheter-based system that provides effective cardiopulmonary bypass, cardioplegic arrest, and ventricular decompression. At Stanford University, 10 Port-Access mitral valve procedures were performed between May 1996 and January 1997. The mean age of the patients (eight men and two women) was 54 +/- 7 (SD) years. Nine patients had severe mitral regurgitation from myxomatous degeneration, and one suffered from severe mitral regurgitation and moderate mitral stenosis from a rheumatic etiology. Five patients underwent mitral valve replacement, and five underwent mitral valve repair. There was no operative mortality. The mean incision length was 8.1 +/- 2.5 cm. The aortic "cross-clamp" time was 99 +/- 22 minutes, and the cardiopulmonary bypass time was 151 +/- 52 minutes. The total hospitalization averaged 4.3 +/- 1.4 days. One patient developed third-degree atrioventricular block, requiring a prolonged stay in the intensive care unit and pacemaker placement; the same patient was found to have a perivalvular leak on follow-up, requiring reoperation at 3 months. Port-Access mitral valve procedures can be performed safely with satisfactory outcome. Greater clinical experience and long-term follow-up are necessary to fully assess these less invasive techniques of mitral valve surgery.

    View details for PubMedID 9352947

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