Glenn Rosen

Publication Details

  • Cleavage of focal adhesion kinase by caspases during apoptosis JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY Wen, L. P., Fahrni, J. A., Troie, S., Guan, J. L., Orth, K., Rosen, G. D. 1997; 272 (41): 26056-26061


    Apoptotic cells undergo characteristic morphological changes that include detachment of cell attachment from the substratum and loss of cell-cell interactions. Attachment of cells to the extracellular matrix and to other cells is mediated by integrins. The interactions of integrins with the extracellular matrix activates focal adhesion kinase (FAK) and suppresses apoptosis in diverse cell types. Members of the tumor necrosis family such as Fas and Apo-2L, also known as tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL), induce apoptosis in both suspension and adherent cells through the activation of caspases. These caspases, when activated, cleave substrates that are important for the maintenance of nuclear and membrane integrity. In this study, we show that FAK is sequentially cleaved into two different fragments early in Apo-2L-induced apoptosis. We also demonstrate that FAK cleavage is mediated by caspases and that FAK shows unique sensitivity to different caspases. Our results suggest that disruption of FAK may contribute to the morphological changes observed in apoptotic suspension and adherent cells.

    View details for Web of Science ID A1997YA35800098

    View details for PubMedID 9325343

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