Mark Holodniy

Publication Details

  • The impact of active herpes simplex virus infection on human immunodeficiency virus load Mole, L., RIPICH, S., Margolis, D., Holodniy, M. OXFORD UNIV PRESS INC. 1997: 766-770


    The effect of a concurrent herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection on human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) load was evaluated. Sixteen subjects were identified with an active HSV infection and had pre-outbreak, acute-phase, and post-outbreak plasma (n = 16) and peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) (n = 8) samples for evaluation. All subjects were treated for an acute HSV outbreak with acyclovir for 10 days, followed by chronic prophylaxis. HIV-1 plasma RNA levels were determined by branched DNA, and intracellular HIV gag mRNA copy numbers were determined by quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction ELISA. Plasma virus load increased a median of 3.4-fold during the acute outbreak (range, 0- to 10-fold; P = .002), while post-outbreak levels (30-45 days after the appearance of lesions) remained above pre-outbreak, baseline levels in some subjects. Intracellular HIV gag mRNA increased during the outbreak as well. Thus, an acute HSV episode can result in increased HIV transcription and plasma virus load.

    View details for Web of Science ID A1997XT81900032

    View details for PubMedID 9291329

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