Ann M. Arvin

Publication Details

  • Early reconstitution of immunity and decreased severity of herpes zoster in bone marrow transplant recipients immunized with inactivated varicella vaccine Redman, R. L., Nader, S., Zerboni, L., Liu, C., Wong, R. M., Brown, B. W., Arvin, A. M. OXFORD UNIV PRESS INC. 1997: 578-585


    Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) causes herpes zoster after bone marrow transplantation (BMT). The immunogenicity of heat-inactivated varicella vaccine and effects on VZV pathogenesis were evaluated in 75 BMT patients randomized to receive vaccine or no intervention. Among 14 patients given a single dose at 1 month after transplantation, the mean (+/-SE) stimulation index (SI) was 12.20 +/- 3.13 compared with 4.83 +/- 2.74 (P = .036) in 14 unvaccinated patients, but clinical disease was not altered. Among 24 patients vaccinated at 1, 2, and 3 months, mean SI was 8.43 +/- 3.89 versus 2.00 +/- 0.33 (P = .014) in 23 unvaccinated patients at 4 months and 8.56 +/- 2.81 versus 5.30 +/- 2.47 (P = .043) at 5 months. Disease severity associated with VZV reactivation was decreased dramatically in vaccinees given three doses; severity scores were 6.4 +/- 1.0 versus 11.8 +/- 1.1 (P = .007). This experience with varicella vaccine in BMT patients is the first evidence that active immunization can reduce morbidity due to herpesvirus reactivation in high-risk populations.

    View details for Web of Science ID A1997XT81900005

    View details for PubMedID 9291302

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