Michael V. McConnell, MD, MSEE

Publication Details

  • Pathogenic mechanisms of atherosclerosis: effect of lipid lowering on the biology of atherosclerosis. American journal of medicine Ganz, P., Creager, M. A., Fang, J. C., McConnell, M. V., Lee, R. T., Libby, P., SELWYN, A. P. 1996; 101 (4A): 4A10S-16S


    Numerous trials have demonstrated that cholesterol-lowering therapy leads to marked reductions in cardiovascular and overall mortality and in the need for coronary revascularization. Angiographic regression trials have shown that cholesterol lowering can reduce progression and, in some instances, achieve regression of coronary atherosclerotic lesions. However, recent studies have contradicted the traditional view that the clinical course of coronary artery disease is closely linked to the severity of coronary artery stenosis. It is now apparent that stenoses responsible for myocardial infarction or unstable angina are typically mild rather than severe. These observations suggest that regression may not be the principal mechanism by which cholesterol lowering affects cardiovascular risk. Two mechanisms---plaque stabilization and improved endothelial function-have been examined in this regard. Basic studies suggest that cholesterol lowering favorably alters those features of atherosclerosis that promote plaque stability. Recent clinical studies have clearly established that aggressive lipid-lowering therapy improves endothelial function and reduces myocardial ischemia in patients with hypercholesterolemia.

    View details for PubMedID 8900332

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