Daniel A. Arber, M.D.

Publication Details

  • CD79 alpha expression in acute myeloid leukemia - High frequency of expression in acute promyelocytic leukemia AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PATHOLOGY Arber, D. A., Jenkins, K. A., Slovak, M. L. 1996; 149 (4): 1105-1110


    CD79 alpha is a subunit of an intracytoplasmic protein reported to be specific for B lymphocytes, including immature B lineage cells. To evaluate expression of the CD79 alpha antigen in acute myeloid leukemia (AML), we studied forty-eight cases of AML by paraffin section immunohistochemistry. The cases included four MO, nine M1, nine M2, ten M3, ten M4, and six M5 AMLs using criteria of the French-American-British cooperative group. Eleven cases demonstrated cytoplasmic staining for the CD79 alpha antigen, including one M1, nine M3, and one M5 AML. These CD79 alpha-positive cases represented 5% of all non-promyelocytic AMLs and 90% of all acute promyelocytic leukemias studied. All acute promyelocytic leukemias had the characteristic t(15;17)(q24;q21), including two cases of the microgranular variant (M3v). No other B-lineage-associated antigens were found in the CD79 alpha-positive cases, with the exception of a subpopulation of CD19-positive leukemic cells in one patient. The two non-promyelocytic leukemias that expressed CD79 alpha had no evidence of t(15;17) and did not express any additional B-lineage-associated antigens that might suggest a mixed lineage proliferation. This study demonstrates that CD79 alpha expression in acute leukemia is not restricted to B-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemias and that CD79 alpha expression is frequently associated with t(15;17) acute myeloid leukemia.

    View details for Web of Science ID A1996VM31400004

    View details for PubMedID 8863659

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