Christian Guilleminault

Publication Details

  • Blood pressure ''dipping'' and ''non-dipping'' in obstructive sleep apnea syndrome patients SLEEP Suzuki, M., Guilleminault, C., Otsuka, K., Shiomi, T. 1996; 19 (5): 382-387


    Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) has been associated with a higher than normal cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Some OSAS patients lack the sleep-related, nocturnal decrease, or "dip," in blood pressure which is seen in normal individuals. These subjects, called "non-dippers," may be at greater risk for cardiovascular problems. We studied 40 OSAS patients (including 3 women) and 6 control subjects, all identified by polysomnography, for nocturnal blood pressure "dipping." We performed a second nocturnal polysomnogram to determine their apnea and hypopnea indices, (A + H)I, and oxygen saturation levels at the beginning of the study and then initiated 48 hours of ambulatory blood pressure monitoring, with data points collected every 30 minutes. Controls, which included one hypertensive subject, were all dippers. Nineteen OSAS subjects (48% of OSAS individuals) were systolic non-dippers and only 9 of them (22.5%) were diastolic non-dippers. We considered the following clinical variables as potential predictors of non-dipping: age, body mass index, respiratory disturbance index, years of reported loud snoring by bed partners, lowest oxygen saturation during nocturnal sleep, and percentage of sleep time spent with oxygen saturation below 90%. Multiple regression analyses indicated respiratory disturbance index as the only significant variable for systolic (p = 0.04) and diastolic (p = 0.03) blood pressure non-dipping. When we forced the following two nonsignificant variables into the model, they showed a very meager impact: number of years with reported loud snoring (p = 0.4 and p = 0.5, respectively for systolic and diastolic blood pressure non-dipping) and age (p = 0.5 and p = 0.6). The calculated model explained only a low percentage of the variance with an r2 of 0.25 and 0.26 for systolic and diastolic blood pressure non-dipping, respectively. Analysis of hypertension/normotension and dipping/non-dipping failed to show a significant relationship in the studied population. Fifty percent of the normotensive OSAS subjects were non-dippers and 43% of the hypertensive OSAS subjects were also non-dippers. We found a relationship between increasing respiratory disturbance index and increasing average 24-hour systolic blood pressure only when OSAS subjects were non-dippers and hypertensive.

    View details for Web of Science ID A1996UZ88100005

    View details for PubMedID 8843529

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