Sherry M. Wren

Publication Details

  • Selective management of hepatic adenomas Ault, G. T., Wren, S. M., Ralls, P. W., Reynolds, T. B., Stain, S. C. SOUTHEASTERN SURGICAL CONGRESS. 1996: 825-829


    Hepatic adenomas are uncommon hepatic neoplasms that may be identified after life-threatening hemorrhage, or as an incidental radiologic finding. The incidence of malignant transformation is unknown, and the correct treatment strategy is unclear. We examined our 10-year experience in the management of 12 patients with hepatic adenomas. Eleven adults (mean age of 37.6 years) and one 3-month-old were identified. Nine of 10 adult females (90%) were taking a hormonal preparation at the time of diagnosis. Four patients with tumor sizes of 1.0 to 4.0 cm were observed after cessation of oral contraceptives. Four patients with lesions of 5.5 to 13 cm underwent surgical resection. Three had malignant transformation, and two of the three had increased Alpha-fetoprotein levels. Four patients presented with acute hemorrhage and were treated initially by hepatic arterial embolization. We conclude that management of adenomas should be individualized based on their size and mode of presentation. Patients with lesions less than 5 cm and normal alpha-fetoprotein can be safely observed off oral contraceptives and followed by radiologic imaging. Lesions >5 cm should be considered for surgical resection due to the risk of malignancy. Hepatic arterial embolization is a new approach for acute hemorrhage.

    View details for Web of Science ID A1996VJ94300010

    View details for PubMedID 8813164

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