Philip A. Pizzo, M.D.

Publication Details

  • Comparison of virus burden in blood and sequential lymph node biopsy specimens from children infected with human immunodeficiency virus JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS Mueller, B. U., Sei, S., Anderson, B., Luzuriaga, K., Farley, M., VENZON, D. J., TUDORWILLIAMS, G., Schwartzentruber, D. J., Fox, C., Sullivan, J. L., Pizzo, P. A. 1996; 129 (3): 410-418

    Abstract:

    Lymph nodes serve as reservoirs for the replication of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) type 1. Comparison of serial measurements of virus burden in lymph nodes and peripheral blood after a change in antiretroviral therapy may provide insights into pathogenic mechanisms and permit a more accurate assessment of a therapeutic response.Nevirapine was added to the drug regiment of eight children with HIV infection treated with the combination of zidovudine and didanosine who had increasing levels of serum p24 antigen. Lymph node biopsies were performed at entry and after 12 weeks of therapy.Neither CD4 counts nor p24 antigen level correlated with the degree of viremia as measured by ribonucleic acid copy numbers in plasma. Correlations were found between HIV DNA copy number in peripheral blood mononuclear cells and HIV DNA copy number in lymph nodes (p = 0.02), as well as between peripheral blood CD4 counts and lymph node architecture. The HIV signals in the lymph nodes conformed to the anatomic organization of apical light zones in the germinal centers; however, in more advanced disease stages, organized germinal centers disappeared as evidence by a decline in the extent of the follicular dendritic network.Lymph node biopsies in this small number of HIV-infected children revealed a progressive loss of an organized architecture, especially of the follicular dendritic network. This correlated with a progressive loss of CD4+ cells but not with other measures of disease stage, including viral load, as measured by ribonucleic acid copy numbers.

    View details for Web of Science ID A1996VK79800014

    View details for PubMedID 8804331

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