C. Garrison Fathman

Publication Details

  • beta-cell destruction may be a late consequence of the autoimmune process in nonobese diabetic mice DIABETES Shimada, A., Charlton, B., TAYLOREDWARDS, C., Fathman, C. G. 1996; 45 (8): 1063-1067


    The NOD mouse is an animal model of IDDM that shows many of the characteristics of human IDDM. It has been proposed that beta-cell destruction in IDDM progresses over time in a linear manner. Recently, we and others have demonstrated that T helper type 1 (Th1) cells have pathogenic roles in the NOD model and proposed that cytokine balances change as the disease progresses. However, it has not been demonstrated how or when the cytokine balances change or how the beta-cell destruction progresses. We have recently demonstrated that the cytokine profiles of CD45RB(low) CD4+ cells correlate either with their pathogenic or with their protective roles in the NOD mouse. To further analyze this apparent correlation between the shift in cytokine level and IDDM, we examined the anti-CD3-induced cytokine profiles of this subset from NOD mice of various ages compared with that from age-matched I-Ak transgenic NOD and BALB/c mice as controls. A significantly higher ratio of anti-CD3-induced interferon-gamma/interleukin-4 was found in diabetic NOD mice (P < 0.0001) but not in age-matched nondiabetic NOD mice. This cytokine ratio did not change significantly until the onset of diabetes in NOD mice. Based upon these results, we propose that IDDM in the NOD mouse progresses as a predominant inflammatory beta-cell dysfunction without actual beta-cell destruction until late in the disease process. This supports the possibility that late-stage immunotherapy may preserve islet beta-cell mass.

    View details for Web of Science ID A1996VA07300010

    View details for PubMedID 8690153

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