Chandra Ramamoorthy

Publication Details

  • Hemodynamic effects of amrinone in children after Fontan surgery ANESTHESIA AND ANALGESIA Sorensen, G. K., Ramamoorthy, C., Lynn, A. M., French, J., Stevenson, J. G. 1996; 82 (2): 241-246

    Abstract:

    After Fontan repair in children, we performed a prospective, open-label study to evaluate the effect of amrinone on pulmonary vascular resistance (PVRI). Eight patients who underwent the Fontan repair had baseline arterial pressure, left atrial pressure, central venous pressure, and cardiac output measured postoperatively. Hemodynamic measurements were repeated after amrinone 4.5 mg/kg. The PVRI tended to decrease, but the change was not statistically significant. Although the systemic vascular resistance decreased to 802 +/- 222 from 941 +/- 191 dynes.s.cm-5.m-2 (P < 0.05), mean arterial blood pressure was unchanged. Cardiac index (3.8 +/- 1.2 to 4.7 +/- 1.6 L.min-1.m-2) and stroke volume index (23.6 +/- 6.7 to 30.5 +/- 8.1 mL.beat-1.m-2) increased, and heart rate decreased (160 +/- 21 to 151 +/- 24 bpm) (P < 0.05). Colloid transfusion during amrinone bolus administration was 13.9 mL/kg. The mean serum amrinone concentration was 4.2 micrograms/mL at the end of bolus and clearance was 2.24 mL.kg-1.min-1. Arrhythmias and thrombocytopenia were not noted. We conclude that amrinone administration is effective in increasing cardiac output in children who have undergone a Fontan repair.

    View details for Web of Science ID A1996TT44000004

    View details for PubMedID 8561320

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