David N. Cornfield

Publication Details

  • EFFECTS OF OXYGEN AND EXOGENOUS L-ARGININE ON EDRF ACTIVITY IN FETAL PULMONARY CIRCULATION AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY MCQUESTION, J. A., Cornfield, D. N., McMurtry, I. F., Abman, S. H. 1993; 264 (3): H865-H871

    Abstract:

    To determine whether L-arginine, the precursor of endothelium-derived relaxing factor (EDRF), increases vasodilator activity in the fetal pulmonary circulation, we studied its effects on basal pulmonary vascular tone and on pulmonary vasodilation stimulated by oxygen and acetylcholine (ACh) in chronically prepared late-gestation fetal lambs. L-Arginine infusion (30-300 mg over 10 min) into the left pulmonary artery (LPA) increased blood flow (18-57%) without changing pulmonary artery pressure. To determine whether O2-induced vasodilation involves EDRF and is augmented by L-arginine treatment, we infused L-arginine or NG-nitro-L-arginine (L-NNA), an inhibitor of EDRF synthesis, while increasing fetal PO2 6 Torr by delivering 100% O2 to the ewe for 120 min. In controls, LPA blood flow progressively increased from 106 +/- 13 ml/min (baseline) to 257 +/- 34 ml/min (peak) at 40 min of increased PO2 (P < 0.05, baseline vs. peak) but steadily returned toward baseline during the next hour. Treatment with L-NNA markedly attenuated O2-induced pulmonary vasodilation (P < 0.05 vs. control). L-Arginine infusion did not augment or sustain the O2-induced vasodilator response. We also examined whether L-arginine could sustain pulmonary vasodilation to ACh, another EDRF-dependent stimulus, and found that the EDRF substrate neither potentiated nor sustained the ACh response. We conclude that: in the fetal lung 1) exogenous L-arginine is a fetal pulmonary vasodilator, 2) increased PO2 augments EDRF activity in the fetal lung, and 3) supplemental L-arginine does not sustain either O2- or ACh-induced vasodilation.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

    View details for Web of Science ID A1993KV27100028

    View details for PubMedID 8456989

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