Richard Lafayette

Publication Details

  • THE EFFECTS OF BLOOD-PRESSURE REDUCTION ON CYCLOSPORINE NEPHROTOXICITY IN THE RAT JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF NEPHROLOGY Lafayette, R. A., Mayer, G., Meyer, T. W. 1993; 3 (12): 1892-1899

    Abstract:

    The effects of blood pressure reduction on cyclosporine nephrotoxicity were studied over 12 months in four groups of rats. Group 1 received no drugs and served as controls. Groups 2, 3, and 4 received cyclosporine (CyA), approximately 9 mg/kg.day, in their food. In addition, Group 3 received enalapril and Group 4 received minoxidil, hydrochlorothiazide, and reserpine. Time-averaged monthly systolic blood pressure was equal in Groups 1 and 2 (136 +/- 1 and 135 +/- 1 mm Hg, respectively). Antihypertensive agents reduced average systolic blood pressure in Groups 3 and 4 (116 +/- 1 and 117 +/- 1 mm Hg, respectively). Morphometric studies showed that 12 months of CyA treatment caused interstitial fibrosis with an increase in the fractional volume of cortical interstitium (VvInt: Group 2, 20 +/- 1%; Group 1, 11 +/- 1%) and a reduction in mean glomerular volume (VG. Group 2, (2.00 +/- 0.06) x 10(6) mu 3; Group 1, (2.48 +/- 0.06) x 10(6) mu 3). These structural changes were accompanied by a significant reduction in GFR (Group 2, 2.27 +/- 0.10 mL/min; Group 1, 2.76 +/- 0.10 mL/min). Cotreatment with enalapril reduced interstitial fibrosis (VvInt, 14 +/- 1%) and maintained VG (2.23 +/- 0.08 x 10(6) mu 3) and GFR (2.56 +/- 0.08 mL/min) at near-normal values in Group 3. In contrast, the combination antihypertensive regimen increased the extent of interstitial fibrosis (VvInt, 24 +/- 1%) and further lowered VG (1.72 +/- 0.05 x 10(6) mu 3) and GFR (1.72 +/- 0.05 mL/min) in Group 4. These results show that sustained treatment with a moderate dose of CyA causes interstitial fibrosis and impairs renal function in rats. The administration of enalapril, but not minoxidil, reserpine, and hydrochlorothiazide, limits renal injury in this model.

    View details for Web of Science ID A1993LJ29800007

    View details for PubMedID 8338921

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