Richard Mainwaring

Publication Details

  • COMPARISON OF THE HORMONAL RESPONSE AFTER BIDIRECTIONAL GLENN AND FONTAN PROCEDURES Mainwaring, R. D., Lamberti, J. J., Moore, J. W., Billman, G. F., Nelson, J. C. ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC. 1994: 59-64

    Abstract:

    Fluid retention is a frequent complication after the bidirectional Glenn and Fontan procedures. It was our hypothesis that this fluid retention may have a hormonal basis. To test this hypothesis, we made serial determinations of antidiuretic hormone, cortisol, aldosterone, angiotensin, and renin before and after operation in patients undergoing a bidirectional Glenn (n = 15) or Fontan (n = 18) procedure. Patients undergoing a bidirectional Glenn procedure had elevations in antidiuretic hormone, cortisol, and aldosterone immediately after operation. However, none of the hormonal elevations persisted by the fifth postoperative day. In contrast, patients undergoing a Fontan procedure had elevations in antidiuretic hormone, cortisol, aldosterone, renin, and angiotensin II in the immediate postoperative period. Five days postoperatively, the renin and angiotensin II levels remained elevated compared with the preoperative values. The data demonstrate that patients undergoing a bidirectional Glenn procedure and those undergoing a Fontan procedure have different patterns of hormonal response. These results suggest that hormonal factors may contribute to fluid retention after these operations.

    View details for Web of Science ID A1994MR31800011

    View details for PubMedID 8279919

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