Sherry M. Wren

Publication Details

  • EVIDENCE FOR EARLY TH2 T-CELL PREDOMINANCE IN XENOREACTIVITY TRANSPLANTATION Wren, S. M., Wang, S. C., Thai, N. L., Conrad, B., Hoffman, R. A., Fung, J. J., SIMMONS, R. L., Ildstad, S. T. 1993; 56 (4): 905-911


    Two distinct subsets of CD4+ Th lymphocytes have been characterized by their cytokine profiles: Th 1 (TH1) and Th 2 (TH2). While TH1 cells predominate in cell-mediated responses, TH2 cells support the humoral response. We have examined the mRNA cytokine profile of normal mouse lymphocytes in response to alloantigen versus xenoantigen (rat) in MLC, and present evidence to suggest that early in proliferative responses, alloreactivity is dominated primarily by TH1-type lymphocytes, while xenoreactivity is predominantly TH2. Normal mouse lymphocyte-responding cells were cultured in a one-way MLR with either allo or xeno antigen and examined for production of mRNA for cytokines characteristically produced by TH1 (IL-2, IFN-gamma) or TH2 (IL-4, IL-10) cells. Semiquantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction analysis was performed for mouse IL-2, IL-4, IL-10, and IFN-gamma mRNA. In the mouse anti-rat xeno response, mRNA for TH2 gene products were upregulated, with greater levels of IL-4 and IL-10 at 24 and 48 hr when compared with controls. In contrast, upregulation of mRNA for TH1 gene products occurred in the mouse anti-mouse allo response, with higher levels of IL-2 and IFN-gamma at 24 and 48 hr. In the anti-xeno response, upregulation of all 4 cytokines occurred by day 4 and peak levels of mRNA for all cytokines examined were 2-3 times that seen for the peak anti-allogeneic response. These data suggest that early xenorecognition may differ from allorecognition by differential activation of the TH2 subset. A better understanding of the balance between Th subset function and cytokine profile in allo and xeno reactivity may allow a more targeted and specific approach to control the early events in xenograft rejection.

    View details for Web of Science ID A1993MD80500025

    View details for PubMedID 8212215

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