Philip A. Pizzo, M.D.

Publication Details

  • DOSE-DEPENDENT ANTIFUNGAL ACTIVITY AND NEPHROTOXICITY OF AMPHOTERICIN-B COLLOIDAL DISPERSION IN EXPERIMENTAL PULMONARY ASPERGILLOSIS ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS AND CHEMOTHERAPY Allende, M. C., Lee, J. W., Francis, P., Garrett, K., DOLLENBERG, H., Berenguer, J., Lyman, C. A., Pizzo, P. A., Walsh, T. J. 1994; 38 (3): 518-522

    Abstract:

    We investigated the safety and efficacy of amphotericin B colloidal dispersion (ABCD) for the treatment of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis in persistently granulocytopenic rabbits. Treatment groups included ABCD in dosages of 1, 5, and 10 mg/kg/day intravenously or conventional desoxycholate amphotericin B (DAmB) at 1 mg/kg/day intravenously. Antifungal activity was directly related to increasing dosage of ABCD as determined by the concentration of Aspergillus fumigatus organisms in lungs and the frequency of hemorrhagic pulmonary lesions. At 5 and 10 mg/kg/day, there was a significant reduction in the tissue burden of A. fumigatus as measured by percent culture-positive lobes and CFU per gram of tissue (P < or = 0.001), whereas at 1 mg/kg/day measured by percent culture-positive lobes and CFU per gram of tissue (P < or = 0.001), whereas at 1 mg/kg/day the tissue burden of A. fumigatus was not significantly different from that in untreated controls. Microbiological clearance was significantly greater at 1 mg of DAmB per kg per day than at 1 mg of ABCD per kg per day (P < or = 0.001). There was no difference in microbiological clearance of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid among the treatment groups as measured by CFU per milliliter. As determined by survival, ABCD at 5.0 mg/kg/day was more effective than DAmB at 1.0 mg/kg/day and ABCD at 10 mg/kg/day. ABCD at 10 mg/kg/day was more nephrotoxic than the lower dosages of ABCD and resulted in higher mortality. Impairment of glomerular filtration developed as a direct function increasing the ABCD dosage (r = 0.77; P < 0.001).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

    View details for Web of Science ID A1994MZ31200020

    View details for PubMedID 8203848

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