Ann Weinacker

Publication Details

  • ROLE OF THE INTEGRIN ALPHA-V-BETA-6 IN CELL ATTACHMENT TO FIBRONECTIN - HETEROLOGOUS EXPRESSION OF INTACT AND SECRETED FORMS OF THE RECEPTOR JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY Weinacker, A., Chen, A., Agrez, M., CONE, R. I., Nishimura, S., Wayner, E., Pytela, R., Sheppard, D. 1994; 269 (9): 6940-6948

    Abstract:

    The integrin alpha v beta 6 has been shown to be a fibronectin-binding protein. To determine whether the cytoplasmic and transmembrane domains of alpha v beta 6 are necessary for binding to fibronectin, a truncated, secreted form of the integrin lacking these domains was engineered and expressed in Chinese hamster ovary cells. Fibronectin affinity chromatography demonstrated that the secreted integrin, like its full-length counterpart, was capable of binding fibronectin. Monoclonal antibodies were made to secreted alpha v beta 6 and to beta 6-transfected NIH 3T3 cells. In experiments designed to determine whether alpha v beta 6 can mediate cell attachment to fibronectin, full-length human beta 6 was expressed in Chinese hamster ovary cells and in the human colon carcinoma cell line SW480. beta 6-expressing cells were identified by alpha v beta 6-specific antibodies, and the beta 6-transfectants were used in cell-adhesion assays. In Chinese hamster ovary cells, human beta 6 associated with hamster alpha v but was incapable of mediating cell attachment to fibronectin. However, expression of beta 6 in these cells had the dominant negative effect of decreasing alpha v beta 5-dependent adhesion to vitronectin. In SW480 cells, beta 6 expression conferred the ability to bind to fibronectin even in the presence of inhibitory antibodies against beta 1 integrins. In such cells, fibronectin binding ability could be blocked by an antibody to alpha v integrins. These results constitute the first direct evidence that alpha v beta 6 mediates cell attachment to fibronectin.

    View details for Web of Science ID A1994MZ50300104

    View details for PubMedID 8120056

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