Steven Shafer

Publication Details

  • CARDIOPULMONARY AND BEHAVIORAL-RESPONSES TO COMPUTER-DRIVEN INFUSION OF DETOMIDINE IN STANDING HORSES AMERICAN JOURNAL OF VETERINARY RESEARCH Daunt, D. A., Dunlop, C. I., Chapman, P. L., Shafer, S. L., Ruskoaho, H., Vakkuri, O., Hodgson, D. S., TYLER, L. M., Maze, M. 1993; 54 (12): 2075-2082

    Abstract:

    Cardiopulmonary and behavioral responses to detomidine, a potent alpha 2-adrenergic agonist, were determined at 4 plasma concentrations in standing horses. After instrumentation and baseline measurements in 7 horses (mean +/- SD for age and body weight, 6 +/- 2 years, and 531 +/- 48.5 kg, respectively), detomidine was infused to maintain 4 plasma concentrations: 2.1 +/- 0.5 (infusion 1), 7.2 +/- 3.5 (infusion 2), 19.1 +/- 5.1. (infusion 3), and 42.9 +/- 10 (infusion 4) ng/ml, by use of a computer-controlled infusion system. Detomidine caused concentration-dependent sedation and somnolence. These effects were profound during infusions 3 and 4, in which marked head ptosis developed and all horses leaned heavily on the bars of the restraining stocks. Heart rate and cardiac index decreased from baseline measurements (42 +/- 7 beats/min, 65 +/- 11 ml.kg of body weight-1.min-1) in linear relationship with the logarithm of plasma detomidine concentration (ie, heart rate = -4.7 [loge detomidine concentration] + 44.3, P < 0.01; cardiac index = -10.5 [loge detomidine concentration] + 73.6, P < 0.01). Second-degree atrioventricular block developed in 5 of 7 horses during infusion 3, and in 6 of 7 horses during infusion 4. Mean arterial blood pressure increased significantly from 118 +/- 11 mm of Hg at baseline to 146 +/- 27 mm of Hg at infusion 4. Similar responses were observed for mean pulmonary artery and right atrial pressures. Systemic vascular resistance (baseline, 182 +/- 28 mm of Hg.ml-1.min-1.kg-1) increased significantly during infusions 3 and 4 (to 294 +/- 79 and 380 +/- 58, respectively). (ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

    View details for Web of Science ID A1993MK13800019

    View details for PubMedID 8116941

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