Peter Kao

Publication Details

  • PURIFICATION BY DNA AFFINITY-CHROMATOGRAPHY OF 2 POLYPEPTIDES THAT CONTACT THE NF-AT DNA-BINDING SITE IN THE INTERLEUKIN-2 PROMOTER JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY Corthesy, B., Kao, P. N. 1994; 269 (32): 20682-20690

    Abstract:

    NF-AT is a lymphoid-specific transcription factor that is though to be largely responsible for determining the cell type-specific expression of the interleukin 2 (IL2) gene. Using two different purification schemes, we found that the NF-AT binding site present in the IL2 promoter is the target for two distinct polypeptides with a relative molecular weight of 45,000 and 90,000. Direct extraction of NF-AT binding activity from highly purified nuclei confirms that p45 and p90 are components of the NF-AT complex. UV-induced covalent cross-linking of p45 and p90 to the NF-AT sequence indicates that both polypeptides interact with DNA. We demonstrate using in vitro transcription that antibodies to subunits p45 and p90 strongly reduce activation of an artificial promoter carrying three NF-AT recognition sites. The complex we have purified has the potential to interact with cis-acting elements identified in the promoter of genes expressed early during T cell activation and to the HIV long terminal repeat. We also show that phosphorylation modulates interaction of NF-AT to its cognate binding site. All together, our data suggest that p45 and p90 form the constitutively expressed nuclear factor(s) proposed by Yaseen et al. (Yaseen, N.R., Maizel, A. L., Wang, F., and Sharma, S. (1993) J. Biol. Chem. 268, 14285-14293).

    View details for Web of Science ID A1994PB31700073

    View details for PubMedID 8051169

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