Robert Herfkens

Publication Details

  • ULTRAFAST CONTRAST-ENHANCED MAGNETIC-RESONANCE-IMAGING OF CONGENITAL HYDRONEPHROSIS IN A RAT MODEL Fichtner, J., Spielman, D., Herfkens, R., BOINEAU, F. G., Lewy, J. E., Shortliffe, L. M. WILLIAMS & WILKINS. 1994: 682-687

    Abstract:

    Since new ultrafast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) might offer unique advantages for evaluating renal blood flow, anatomy and urinary excretion, we used this technique to characterize a rat model with congenital partial ureteropelvic junction obstruction. MRI of 9 rats from an inbred colony with unilateral congenital (nonsurgical) hydronephrosis was compared with the contralateral nonhydronephrotic kidney serving as control. Our new imaging technique consisted of a 1-minute ultrafast gradient recalled imaging sequence during the first minute (64 images per imaging time 960 milliseconds) after contrast bolus injection with gadolinium-diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid for assessment of renal blood flow followed by a 30-minute period with image acquisition every 30 seconds to study contrast distribution and excretion. Signal intensities were analyzed continuously over selected, different regions of interest. Anatomic analysis of MRI noncontrast studies showed precise delineation of the hydronephrotic pelvis and corticomedullary junction. After contrast gadolinium-diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid injection signal intensity from the region of interest from hydronephrotic kidneys differed from nonhydronephrotic kidneys by showing less cortical decrease, suggesting decreased blood flow, less medullary decrease and delayed contrast excretion. Clear contrast distribution among the cortex, medulla and collecting system allowed selective estimation of different regions of interest and excellent anatomic evaluation. Renal anatomy and renal pelvic pressures were confirmed after scans were completed. Ultrafast contrast enhanced MRI allows simultaneous assessment of renal morphology, blood flow and function. In hydronephrotic partially obstructed kidneys distinct flow and excretion patterns measured with contrast enhanced MRI allow differentiation between the obstructed and nonobstructed kidney on physiological rather than purely anatomic means. This imaging technique may provide a useful method of evaluating congenital hydronephrosis obviating the need for multiple different diagnostic procedures.

    View details for Web of Science ID A1994NW33000024

    View details for PubMedID 8021995

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