Richard Sibley

Publication Details

  • CONGENITAL UNILATERAL HYDRONEPHROSIS IN A RAT MODEL - CONTINUOUS RENAL, PELVIC AND BLADDER PRESSURES Fichtner, J., BOINEAU, F. G., Lewy, J. E., Sibley, R. K., Vari, R. C., Shortliffe, L. M. WILLIAMS & WILKINS. 1994: 652-657

    Abstract:

    We investigated a rat model with inbred unilateral congenital hydronephrosis. Simultaneous bladder and renal pelvic pressures were measured during different urinary flows, and during bladder filling and voiding in these congenitally hydronephrotic rats (approximately 45 days old) and normal nonhydronephrotic rats from the same colony. Differential pressures between pelvis and proximal ureter were determined. Upon termination of the experiment the urinary tract was removed and processed for histological examination. Hydronephrotic rats had significantly higher renal pelvic pressures throughout bladder filling at all urinary flow rates than normal rats. These elevated renal pelvic pressures exceeded bladder pressures at high flows (for example bladder pressure at 50% capacity was 8.9 +/- 3.1 cm. water and corresponding pelvic pressure was 20.8 +/- 2.1 [hydronephrosis] versus pelvic pressure 7.4 +/- 1.1 [control]). While pressures in the proximal ureter were higher than in the pelvis in normal rats the hydronephrotic rats showed significantly higher pressures in the pelvis, suggesting that the site of obstruction is the ureteropelvic junction. Histological evaluation of the excised kidneys revealed only minimal tubular changes. This study represents a unique animal model with unilateral hydronephrosis from a partially obstructing ureteropelvic junction. Moreover, the data indicate that partial urinary obstruction and the associated renal pelvic pressures should be defined with reference to bladder fullness and urinary flow rates.

    View details for Web of Science ID A1994NW33000018

    View details for PubMedID 8021990

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