Philip A. Pizzo, M.D.

Publication Details

  • QUANTITATIVE RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN ZIDOVUDINE EXPOSURE AND EFFICACY AND TOXICITY ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS AND CHEMOTHERAPY Drusano, G. L., BALIS, F. M., GITTERMAN, S. R., Pizzo, P. A. 1994; 38 (8): 1726-1731

    Abstract:

    We examined the relationship between the concentrations of zidovudine in plasma given by continuous intravenous infusion to human immunodeficiency virus-positive pediatric patients and a surrogate marker of outcome (measured by the increase in the number of CD4-positive T cells) as well as drug-mediated toxicity (change in granulocyte count). The return of CD4-positive T cells was most strongly related to the number of these cells present at the start of therapy. Drug concentration data added little explanatory power to this relationship, indicating that the effect of zidovudine was near maximal throughout the range of concentrations examined. The change in granulocyte count was significantly correlated with zidovudine concentration both from weeks 1 through 8 and from weeks 8 through 12. These findings imply that it may be wise to stratify phase I antiretrovirus drug trials for the entry level of CD4-positive T cells if pharmacodynamic relationships with this marker as the dependent variable are to be sought. Continued efforts need to be made to derive quantitative relationships between drug exposure and measures of both efficacy and toxicity so that the maximal amount of information is derived from small phase I studies.

    View details for Web of Science ID A1994NZ44900006

    View details for PubMedID 7986002

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