Frederick M. Dirbas

Publication Details

  • HUMANIZED ANTIBODY-DIRECTED TO THE IL-2 RECEPTOR BETA-CHAIN PROLONGS PRIMATE CARDIAC ALLOGRAFT SURVIVAL JOURNAL OF IMMUNOLOGY TINUBU, S. A., Hakimi, J., KONDAS, J. A., Bailon, P., Familletti, P. C., Spence, C., Crittenden, M. D., Parenteau, G. L., Dirbas, F. M., Tsudo, M., BACHER, J. D., KASTENSPORTES, C., MARTINUCCI, J. L., Goldman, C. K., Clark, R. E., Waldmann, T. A. 1994; 153 (9): 4330-4338

    Abstract:

    IL-2Rs are expressed by T cells activated in response to foreign histocompatibility Ags but not by normal cells. This difference in IL-2R expression is exploited by blockade of IL-2Rs to achieve immunosuppression. High affinity IL-2Rs involve three subunits, IL-2R alpha, IL-2R beta, and IL-2R gamma. Murine Mik beta 1, a mAb that blocks IL-2 binding to IL-2R beta, was developed as an immunosuppressive agent. There was modest prolongation of cynomolgus cardiac allograft survival in animals treated with murine Mik beta 1 (mean survival 11.8 +/- 1.6 days compared with 8.2 +/- 0.4 days in untreated animals; p = 0.06). However, murine Mik beta 1 is ineffective in recruiting primate effector cells and is neutralized by monkey Abs directed toward the infused Ab. To circumvent these limitations, a humanized form of Mik beta 1, which is a largely human IgG1k Ab, except that murine hypervariable regions are retained, was developed. In vivo plasma survival of humanized Mik beta 1 was threefold longer than simultaneously administered murine Mik beta 1 (terminal t1/2, 104 +/- 10 h vs 37 +/- 2 h). Furthermore, humanized Mik beta 1 manifests Ab-dependent cellular cytotoxicity, an activity that is absent with the parental murine Mik beta 1. Graft survival was significantly prolonged by humanized Mik beta 1 treatment with survivals of 22, 22, 24, 27, 44, and > 300 days (p vs control < 0.01; p vs murine Mik beta 1 < 0.01). Survival was not prolonged further (p > 0.3) by the addition of humanized anti-Tac, which blocks interaction of IL-2 with IL-2R alpha subunits. There was no toxicity attributable to the use of Mik beta 1 Abs. Thus, humanized Mik beta 1 prolonged cardiac allograft survival in primates without toxicity and may be effective as an adjunct to standard immunosuppressive therapy.

    View details for Web of Science ID A1994PN07100049

    View details for PubMedID 7930631

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