C. Garrison Fathman

Publication Details

  • CD4-POSITIVE HEAT-STABLE ANTIGEN-POSITIVE THYMOCYTES CAUSE GRAFT-VERSUS-HOST DISEASE ACROSS NONMAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX INCOMPATIBILITIES EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF IMMUNOLOGY Charlton, B., Meltzer, J., Fathman, C. G. 1994; 24 (7): 1706-1709

    Abstract:

    Single-positive thymocytes are the immediate precursors of peripheral recent thymic emigrants (RTE) which develop into mature peripheral T cells. The functional ability of RTE is unclear but their state of differentiation may be relevant to the development of tolerance to peripheral "self" antigens. Since RTE are difficult to analyze, precursor CD4+/8- thymocytes were assessed in a model in vivo to determine their functional capability and their susceptibility to tolerance induction. The ability of both heat-stable antigen-positive (HSA+) (immature) and HSA- (mature) single-positive thymocytes to cause graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) across non-major histocompatibility complex differences were examined. Both HSA- and HSA+ CD4+/8- thymocytes from C3H mice caused lethal GVHD in AKR recipients as did CD4+ peripheral T cells in controls. Further, neonatal C3H thymocytes also caused lethal GVHD in AKR recipients. Since CD4+/8- thymocytes are the precursors of RTE, these results suggest that RTE are not susceptible to tolerance induced to "minor" antigens and may have a normal immune function in vivo. This would suggest that peripheral tolerance may be dependent upon the manner of antigen presentation rather than T cell maturity.

    View details for Web of Science ID A1994NX26100036

    View details for PubMedID 7913040

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