James D. Faix

Publication Details

  • INDIRECT ESTIMATION OF THYROID HORMONE-BINDING PROTEINS TO CALCULATE FREE-THYROXINE INDEX - COMPARISON OF NONISOTOPIC METHODS THAT USE LABELED THYROXINE (T-UPTAKE) CLINICAL CHEMISTRY Faix, J. D., Rosen, H. N., Velazquez, F. R. 1995; 41 (1): 41-47

    Abstract:

    There are many alternative ways of estimating free thyroxine (T4) when thyrotropin screening results are abnormal. In addition to free T4 immunoassays, the menu of most automated immunoassay instruments includes a nonisotopic version of the original triiodothyronine (T3)-uptake assay called "T-uptake." We evaluated the ability of five such assays (Access, ES-300, IMx, Magnum Opus, and Stratus) to accurately estimate the free thyroxine index (FTI) in euthyroid, hyperthyroid, and hypothyroid patients with abnormal concentrations of thyroid hormone-binding proteins, and in patients with nonthyroidal illness. For comparison, we calculated a similar FTI, using either T3-uptake or direct measurement of thyroxine-binding globulin (TBG). Euthyroid reference ranges were comparable. Of euthyroid patients with increased TBG, 12-32% and 5-20% had increased or suppressed FTI, respectively, depending on the T-uptake method used. Except for IMx, 6-35% of hypothyroid patients with increased TBG had inappropriately increased FTI. Patients with nonthyroidal illness had comparable results regardless of the method used, and T-uptake methods were variably affected by known inhibitors of thyroid hormone binding. The most reliable T-uptake method appeared to be the IMx, which, despite claims that it measures all thyroid hormone-binding proteins, correlated best with TBG concentrations.

    View details for Web of Science ID A1995QA21200009

    View details for PubMedID 7813079

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