Mark Holodniy

Publication Details

  • DETERMINATION OF HUMAN-IMMUNODEFICIENCY-VIRUS RNA IN PLASMA AND CELLULAR VIRAL-DNA GENOTYPIC ZIDOVUDINE RESISTANCE AND VIRAL LOAD DURING ZIDOVUDINE-DIDANOSINE COMBINATION THERAPY JOURNAL OF VIROLOGY Holodniy, M., Mole, L., Margolis, D., Moss, J., Dong, H. L., Boyer, E., Urdea, M., Kolberg, J., Eastman, S. 1995; 69 (6): 3510-3516

    Abstract:

    Eleven human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected subjects on long-term zidovudine (ZDV) therapy had didanosine (ddI) added to their antiretroviral regimen. HIV RNA in plasma was quantitated by branched-DNA signal amplification assay. Peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) HIV viral DNA was quantitated by PCR. The relative amounts of wild-type (WT) sequence, ddI resistance-associated codon changes (reverse transcriptase [RT] gene codon 65 K-->R [RT K65R], RT 174V, RT I135K/T/V, and RT M184I/V), and ZDV resistance-associated codon change (RT T215Y/F) from HIV RNA in plasma and RT T215Y/F from PBMC viral DNA were determined by differential hybridization of PCR products from 10 of 11 subjects. All subjects had evidence of RT T215Y/F mutation in both RNA in plasma and PBMC DNA at baseline. Subjects with a mixture of WT and RT T215Y/F HIV RNA in plasma at baseline demonstrated a decline in RNA levels in plasma after the addition of ddI. However, after 6 months of ZDV-ddI therapy, WT HIV RNA in plasma was undetectable in all subjects who had demonstrated a mixture at baseline. Subjects with only RT T215Y/F RNA present in plasma at baseline remained so and demonstrated no decline in RNA levels in plasma. In all subjects, no significant changes in PBMC DNA viral load and RT T215Y/F or WT levels were seen. HIV RNA in plasma demonstrated a significantly higher RT T215Y/F mutant/WT ratio than that of PBMC viral DNA, both at baseline and after ZDV-ddI combination therapy in all subjects. No subjects developed mutations associated with ddI resistance at codons 65, 74, 135, and 184 during this study. This study suggests that determination of relative amounts of RT T215Y/F and WT species from HIV RNA in plasma at baseline may be predictive of virologic response during ZDV-ddI combination therapy.

    View details for Web of Science ID A1995QX93100030

    View details for PubMedID 7745698

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