Greg Glasscock

Publication Details

  • EVIDENCE FOR PITUITARY REGULATION OF SOMATIC GROWTH, INSULIN-LIKE GROWTH FACTOR-I AND FACTOR-II, AND THEIR BINDING-PROTEINS IN THE FETAL-RAT PEDIATRIC RESEARCH Kim, J. D., NANTOSALONEN, K., SZCZEPANKIEWICZ, J. R., Rosenfeld, R. G., Glasscock, G. F. 1993; 33 (2): 144-151

    Abstract:

    We investigated pituitary regulation of late-gestation fetal growth in the spontaneous dwarf rat, a strain with an autosomal recessive mutation (gene symbol dr) in the growth hormone (GH) gene resulting in complete isolated GH deficiency. GH-normal/GH-deficient (Dr/dr) females were crossed with Dr/dr or dr/dr males, producing both GH-deficient and GH-normal fetuses within the same litter. Pups were killed within 3 h after birth to approximate the developmental state of a late-gestation fetus. The body weight of GH-deficient fetuses was inhibited by 14% in comparison to GH-normal animals, but tail length remained unaffected. The brain and lungs were the only organs whose growth appeared to be pituitary-independent. Other organs showed moderate pituitary dependence in proportion to body weight. Serum IGF-I and IGF-II were reduced by 73% and 52%, respectively, in the absence of GH. The major IGF-binding proteins (IGFBP) were analyzed by Western ligand blot. The predominant 26- to 30-kD IGFBP band normally seen in neonatal rat serum was greatly increased in GH-deficient sera, to 250% of GH-normal sera as measured by densitometry. However, addition of alpha-Hec 1 antibody to IGFBP-2, which has been used to identify IGFBP-2 as the major neonatal IGFBP, resulted in immunoprecipitation of only a small amount of the 26- to 30-kD band from the GH-deficient fetuses, suggesting the presence of an additional IGFBP. Northern analysis of GH-deficient livers did not reveal any visible increase in IGFBP-1, IGFBP-2, or IGFBP-4 mRNA.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

    View details for Web of Science ID A1993KH83500009

    View details for PubMedID 7679488

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