Dora Ho

Publication Details

  • DEFECTIVE HERPES-SIMPLEX VIRUS VECTORS EXPRESSING THE RAT-BRAIN GLUCOSE-TRANSPORTER PROTECT CULTURED NEURONS FROM NECROTIC INSULTS JOURNAL OF NEUROCHEMISTRY Ho, D. Y., Saydam, T. C., Fink, S. L., Lawrence, M. S., Sapolsky, R. M. 1995; 65 (2): 842-850

    Abstract:

    Because neurons are postmitotic, they are irreplaceable once they succumb to necrotic insults such as hypoglycemia, ischemia, and seizure. A paucity of energy can exacerbate the toxicities of these insults; thus, a plausible route to protect neurons from necrotic injury would be to enhance their glucose uptake capability. We have demonstrated previously that defective herpes simplex virus (HSV) vectors overexpressing the rat brain glucose transporter (GT) gene (gt) can enhance glucose uptake in adult rat hippocampus and in hippocampal cultures. Furthermore, we have observed that such vectors can maintain neuronal metabolism during hypoglycemia and reduce kainic acid-induced seizure damage. In this study, we have developed bicistronic vectors that coexpressed gt and Escherichia coli lacZ as a reporter gene, which allows us to identify directly neurons that are infected with the vectors. Overexpression of GT from these vectors protected cultured hippocampal, spinal cord, and septal neurons against various necrotic insults, including hypoglycemia, glutamate, and 3-nitropropionic acid. Our observations demonstrate the feasibility of using HSV vectors to protect neurons from necrotic insults. Although this study has concentrated on the delivery of gt, other genes with therapeutic or protective capability might also be used.

    View details for Web of Science ID A1995RJ65700048

    View details for PubMedID 7616244

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