John Kerner

Publication Details

  • A SENSITIVE ANALYTICAL APPARATUS FOR MEASURING HYDROGEN PRODUCTION-RATES .2. APPLICATION TO STUDIES IN HUMAN INFANTS JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC GASTROENTEROLOGY AND NUTRITION Stevenson, D. K., Cohen, R. S., OSTRANDER, C. R., SHAHIN, S. M., Kerner, J. A., WETMORE, D. L., Werner, S. B., Tomczyk, M., Johnson, J. D. 1982; 1 (2): 233-237

    Abstract:

    We estimated hydrogen (H2) production by determining simultaneously the end-tidal concentration (ETH2) and the direct pulmonary excretion rate (VeH2) in normal-sized, healthy, term and preterm neonates between 2 days and 7 weeks of life who were receiving all their calories enterally as breast milk or a proprietary formula. We found that there was no peak or pattern in H2 production during the first 3 postprandial hours (mean VeH2 = 1.00 +/- 0.97 SD ml/kg/h; mean ETH2 = 40.3 +/- 33.1 SD ppm). Frequently, there was marked short-term variability of the ETH2 in a given infant (coefficient of variation = 13.4% +/- 18.7%). H2 production was elevated in normal neonates without signs of malabsorption. We found that VeH2 correlated with ETH2 using both nasopharyngeal catheter (r = 0.63; p less than 0.001) and nasal prong (r = 0.71; p less than 0.001) collection techniques. We conclude that breath hydrogen determinations in neonates are not readily comparable to similar studies in older patients. Longitudinal studies of individual infants may reveal changes in breath H2 excretion of sufficient magnitude to be distinguishable from moment-to-moment variations, and correlatable with certain intercurrent clinical problems affecting intestinal H2 production or pulmonary H2 excretion. However, interpretation of breath H2 determinations in human infants will be difficult.

    View details for Web of Science ID A1982PB96500014

    View details for PubMedID 7186035

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