John Kerner

Publication Details

  • BREATH HYDROGEN ANALYSIS - A REVIEW OF THE METHODOLOGIES AND CLINICAL-APPLICATIONS JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC GASTROENTEROLOGY AND NUTRITION OSTRANDER, C. R., Cohen, R. S., Hopper, A. O., SHAHIN, S. M., Kerner, J. A., Johnson, J. D., Stevenson, D. K. 1983; 2 (3): 525-533

    Abstract:

    Hydrogen gas (H2) is a product of the fermentation of dietary carbohydrate (CHO) by bacteria in the lumen of the gastrointestinal tract in man. Thus, H2 is actually an exogenously produced gas, which either is passed as flatus, or diffuses into the body and is exhaled. In the adult, a fairly constant fraction is expired, providing a reliable indicator of total colonic H2 production. Breath H2 analysis currently represents a useful clinical means of testing adults and older children for the malabsorption of CHO. Noninvasive and easy procedures for the collection of expired air have encouraged their increasingly widespread use in pediatrics. Evidence to date suggests that breath H2 analysis may provide the best available method for estimating semiquantitatively the degree of CHO malabsorption. The association of the results of breath H2 analysis with other clinical measures of CHO digestion and absorption is expected, but discrepancies can also be anticipated based on the nature of this particular trace gas method. The interpretation of the results of breath H2 analysis in neonates and young infants remains especially problematic because of confounding variables which are difficult to control and are measured infrequently.

    View details for Web of Science ID A1983RC94400022

    View details for PubMedID 6620060

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