Lawrence Steinman

Publication Details

  • N-epsilon-(gamma-L-glutamyl)-L-lysine (GGEL) is increased in cerebrospinal fluid of patients with Huntington's disease JOURNAL OF NEUROCHEMISTRY Jeitner, T. M., Bogdanov, M. B., Matson, W. R., Daikhin, Y., Yudkoff, M., Folk, J. E., Steinman, L., Browne, S. E., Beal, M. F., BLASS, J. P., Cooper, A. J. 2001; 79 (5): 1109-1112


    Pathological-length polyglutamine (Q(n)) expansions, such as those that occur in the huntingtin protein (htt) in Huntington's disease (HD), are excellent substrates for tissue transglutaminase in vitro, and transglutaminase activity is increased in post-mortem HD brain. However, direct evidence for the participation of tissue transglutaminase (or other transglutaminases) in HD patients in vivo is scarce. We now report that levels of N(epsilon)-(gamma-L-glutamyl)-L-lysine (GGEL)--a 'marker' isodipeptide produced by the transglutaminase reaction--are elevated in the CSF of HD patients (708 +/- 41 pmol/mL, SEM, n = 36) vs. control CSF (228 +/- 36, n = 27); p < 0.0001. These data support the hypothesis that transglutaminase activity is increased in HD brain in vivo.

    View details for Web of Science ID 000172552100023

    View details for PubMedID 11739625

Stanford Medicine Resources:

Footer Links: