Craig T. Albanese, MD, MBA

Publication Details

  • Fetal surgical therapy for severe congenital malformations ZEITSCHRIFT FUR GEBURTSHILFE UND NEONATOLOGIE Danzer, E., Schier, F., Paek, B., Harrison, M. R., Albanese, C. T. 2001; 205 (5): 174-?


    Over the past two decades the diagnosis of life threatening congenital malformations has evolved rapidly. Sophisticated and powerful new imaging and sampling techniques have stripped the veil of mystery from the once secretive fetus. Early detection and close follow-up of the fetus with congenital malformations have allowed us to define their natural history, determine the clinical features that affect clinical outcome, and plan management approaches to improve prognosis. Fetal surgical intervention is the logical culmination of the progress in fetal diagnosis. The purpose of this article is to describe the current techniques and recent advances in prenatal diagnosis and fetal intervention of severe congenital malformation.A complete review of the literature and our own experience concerning fetal surgery was performed.Although most prenatally diagnosed malformations are best managed by appropriate medical and surgical therapy after maternal transport and planned delivery at a tertiary care center, an expanding number of simple anatomical abnormalities with predictable, lethal consequences have been successfully corrected before birth. A malformation amenable to prenatal surgical intervention must fulfill a number of conditions. It must be severe enough to warrant the risks associated with in utero treatment and must be reliably detectable before birth. Additionally, the pathophysiology must be reversible by fetal surgery, significantly improving the prognosis over post-natal treatment. Many technical intricacies of open fetal surgery have been solved, but pre-term labor and premature rupture of membranes remain a omnipresent risks to both the mother and the fetus. To reduce maternal morbidity and the risk of prematurity we developed minimally invasive techniques to treat the fetus prenatally. Current indications of fetal surgery include the treatment of congenital diaphragmatic hernia, cystic adenomatoid malformation of the lung, sacrococcygeal teratoma, obstructive uropathy, twin-to-twin-transfusion-syndrome and myelomeningocele. Minimally invasive surgical techniques (FETENDO) have significantly lessened the incidence of preterm labor and promise to extend the indications for fetal surgical intervention.Fetal surgical therapy for severe congenital malformations may improve the outcome of selected patients. The development of FETENDO will in all probability reduce the importance of open fetal surgery in the future.

    View details for Web of Science ID 000172197100002

    View details for PubMedID 11727664

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