Jonathan S. Berek

Publication Details

  • SYNERGISTIC EFFECTS OF COMBINATION SEQUENTIAL IMMUNOTHERAPIES IN A MURINE OVARIAN-CANCER MODEL CANCER RESEARCH Berek, J. S., Lichtenstein, A. K., Knox, R. M., Jung, T. S., Rose, T. P., Cantrell, J. L., ZIGHELBOIM, J. 1985; 45 (9): 4215-4218

    Abstract:

    The antitumor effects of Corynebacterium parvum in a murine ovarian teratocarcinoma model depend upon a sequential activation of neutrophils and macrophages within the peritoneal cavity. We studied the sequential administration of biological response modifiers that independently activate each phase of the response. Tumor-challenged mice treated by i.p. injection of a pyridine-extracted fraction of cell-free Propionibacterium acnes (PA-PE, 1400 micrograms) demonstrated prolonged survival in less than 20% of the cases. An i.p. injection of a detoxified Salmonella endotoxin (DSE) preparation (150 micrograms) had no effect on tumor outgrowth. However, i.p. treatment with PA-PE (1400 micrograms), followed by 150 micrograms of DSE 1 day later, resulted in long-term survival (greater than 100 days) in 40 to 60% of mice. This antitumor effect was only evident when PA-PE was administered first (before DSE) and optimal when DSE was administered 24 h after PA-PE. The synergistic antitumor effect could be duplicated when tumor-challenged mice were first treated i.p. with peritoneal polymorphonuclear leukocytes, elicited by injection of PA-PE, and then treated with DSE 18 h later. These data indicate that appropriately timed injection of biological response modifiers with complementary effects can result in a synergistic prevention of tumor growth.

    View details for Web of Science ID A1985APR5700038

    View details for PubMedID 4028011

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