Hugh O'Brodovich

Publication Details

  • BRADYKININ IS DEGRADED IN HYPOXIC LUNGS AND DOES NOT AFFECT EPITHELIAL PERMEABILITY JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY OBRODOVICH, H., Kay, J., Coates, G. 1985; 59 (4): 1185-1190

    Abstract:

    To investigate the effect of intravenous infusions of bradykinin (BK) on the permeability of the hypoxic pulmonary epithelium to small solutes, experiments (n = 7) were performed in yearling sheep with chronic vascular catheters. Sheep were anesthetized, intubated, paralyzed, and ventilated. After establishing stable and normal base-line pulmonary hemodynamics and blood gas tensions, the lungs were insufflated with a submicronic aerosol of technetium-99m-labeled diethylenetriaminepentaacetate (99mTc-DTPA, mol wt = 492). Radioactivity arising from the right hemithorax was measured by an NaI probe with a parallel-holed collimator. The base-line pulmonary clearance rate (k) for 99mTc-DTPA was 0.51 +/- 0.09% (SE)/min, while the sheep were ventilated with a fractional concentration of inspired O2 (FIO2) of 0.5 [arterial partial pressure of O2 (PaO2) = 196 +/- 11.4 (SE) Torr]. Clearance of 99mTc-DTPA was unaffected by hypoxia alone or BK infusions in nonhypoxic lungs. The combination of an intravenous infusion of BK at either 1.2 (n = 3) or 2.4 micrograms . kg-1 . min-1 (n = 4) and alveolar hypoxia [FIO2 = 0.11, PaO2 = 28 +/- 1.6 (SE) Torr] did not affect pulmonary clearance of 99mTc-DTPA [k = 0.43 +/- 0.08% (SE)/min]. In contrast, a 0.05-ml/kg intravenous infusion of oleic acid increased clearance 10-fold in one sheep. During combined hypoxia and BK infusion the pulmonary arterial BK concentration (radioimmunoassay) increased from 0.82 +/- 0.16 (SE) to 7.05 +/- 1.86 ng/ml (P less than 0.001), but the systemic arterial concentrations were unchanged [0.67 +/- 0.19 (SE) to 0.66 +/- 0.09 ng/ml].(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

    View details for Web of Science ID A1985ASP6600022

    View details for PubMedID 3902777

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